Bedroom lighting seems to be the simplest of all spaces. After all, this is a place to sleep. And it must be dark in there? Or is it not? What lighting techniques to take into account when decorating a bedroom?
1. How to arrange to light?
Before planning the lighting design in the bedroom, designers are advised to determine the position of the room relative to the cardinal points, as well as the role that lighting plays for the owner of the house.
- If the bedroom windows face north or west, the lack of light in the morning can disrupt the natural rhythm of human life. In order for the vigor hormone cortisol to be produced more efficiently, you need to use cold light bulbs.
- In the dark, the bright light in the bedroom is inappropriate. Warm, dim light sets you up for relaxation, as it helps the production of melatonin.
- The number of lighting fixtures depends on what exactly the owner is going to do in the bedroom: will there be an office in it? Is there a TV planned? Do you need highlighting of individual zones?
- There should be several switches in the bedroom: at the entrance to use the general lighting; near the bed – for reading and getting ready for bed; in the work area if needed.
2. What kind of lamps to choose from for the bedroom?
The modern market is replete with a variety of lighting fixtures. Each of them is designed for specific purposes, and it will not be difficult to choose products for comfortable room lighting.
It is considered the most popular and most necessary electrical device for creating basic lighting. It is recommended to choose the size of the chandelier according to the area of the room. In a small room, a multi-tiered model will be inappropriate: most likely, a disproportionate chandelier will crush psychologically. By the way, Feng Shui experts adhere to the same opinion: it is believed that a product with an abundance of various decorative elements above the bed interferes with restful sleep.
To calculate the size of the chandelier, the designers came up with a simple formula: the length of the room is added to the width and multiplied by 10. That is, for a bedroom with 4×4 m parameters, it is recommended to buy a product with a diameter of about 80 cm.
In a bedroom with a high ceiling, the use of products on chains or suspensions is functionally justified: the light becomes more directional if it is closer to the lower part of the room. But flat ceiling chandeliers without frills are more appropriate in rooms with low ceilings.
Wall lights with a horn (a long tube on the end of which a socket is attached), giving a dim light, are usually located on either side of the bed. The optimal distance from the floor is 1.5 m. Sconces with lampshades fit best in Provence and classic style. Perfect for those who like to read before bed. Sometimes they are used in order not to turn on the general light when getting out of bed.
Designers love these inexpensive and stylish fixtures for their simplicity and functionality. They help to illuminate the desired areas by directing the beam of light using the swivel arms. Recently, spots on track guides are in vogue, which in exceptional cases can replace a chandelier. They suit most modern interiors, Scandinavian environments, and loft-style bedrooms.
Typically represented by recessed ceiling lights. They are chosen as an alternative to the chandelier or act as additional lighting. They can be turned on all at once or in separate groups, which means that in a matter of seconds the degree of illumination can be adjusted, creating the desired mood.
It is necessary to decide on the number of products before installing the stretch ceiling. The minimum distance between them should be 30 cm.
Typically, an excessive amount of light in the bedroom turns the living room into an uncomfortable space, reminiscent of a shop window. Of course, if the owner of the apartment is a fan of high-tech style, this scenario will not stop him. In other cases, it is better to maintain a balance and limit yourself to a couple of areas highlighted with light.
The LED strip is usually used for backlighting. Its price is low, and installation does not take time and effort. If you have a TV in your bedroom, you should use the tape behind the TV to keep your eyes from straining while watching the movie.
Backlighting is indispensable when you need to highlight a particular area without cluttering the space with lamps. It can be easily combined with other types of lighting fixtures.
3. Lighting options
Let’s consider the ways of using lighting devices in more detail, and also get acquainted with the original ideas for bedroom lighting.
The general (or central) light is represented not only by the chandelier. Modern interiors can do exclusively with spots or pendant lights on a long cord. But this approach requires professionalism.
The geometric center of the room is considered the most correct location for the chandelier. The best option for a bedroom is indirect, diffused light that does not hit the eyes.
Not a single one, even the brightest chandelier, can cope with the lighting of the bedroom alone: the space will seem boring, uneven, textures will be blurry in the far corners of the room. That is why additional lights are needed at other levels.
Illumination of functional areas
The organization of local lighting requires thoughtfulness on the part of the owner of the bedroom. It is worth deciding in advance in which places you will need lamps.
The bedside area is the second most important area after central lighting. In bed, you can read books, work on a laptop, chat and get ready for bed. In addition to wall sconces, designers often use pendant lights, spotlights, and floor lamps. Table lamps are also popular – they are successfully used not only in the work area but also near the bed
If the bedroom is supposed to store things (in a dressing room or wardrobe), you should think about lighting these areas. It will save time and nerves if two people live in a room and get up at different times of the day.
The installed dressing table is also recommended to be illuminated because natural light is not always available. Devices with soft light without shadows and contrasts should be located on both sides of the mirror at eye level. In order not to distort the complexion, you should choose white shades
Light zoning not only adds coziness but also saves energy. If possible, you should put dimmers that regulate the level of illumination.
The purpose of this lighting is to brighten the bedroom and create the right atmosphere. You can highlight:
- The ceiling, simulating the starry sky, or place the LED strip around the perimeter, visually deepening the top of the room.
- Floor, highlighting the bed and creating the effect of a “floating” structure.
- Walls, decorating them with a luminous composition.
- Open furniture with shelves highlighting your favorite collections.
- Pictures or posters, thus turning them into a work of art.
Having played with light, you can create an original, memorable, and at the same time functional interior.
4. Design for a small bedroom
When choosing to light for a small bedroom, it is worth remembering the main thing: a single source of light narrows the space, even more, creating dark corners, which means that you cannot neglect multi-level lighting.
Lighting options in a small bedroom are limited by space, but not by fantasy.
The scenario of artificial lighting in a small bedroom is not much different from the standard recommendations. The only requirement is the absence of large chandeliers. Thanks to spotlights, flat chandeliers, and transparent shades, a cramped bedroom will look much more spacious.
Lighting in the bedroom should be properly thought out at the design stage: this will help to effectively distribute light at all levels of the room, choose convenient places for switches and make the room cozy and functional.